PhD Candidate


King’s College London


law; politics; economics; international relations


War Studies Department, King’s College London; Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts; Member of Lincoln’s Inn; Member of the Law Society



Other links


Contact  james@ethicalinnovations.co.uk

Personal Bio

3-4James is an international lawyer, academic researcher and social entrepreneur. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from York University, a Graduate Diploma in Law and Bar Vocational Qualification from the University of Law and a Master’s degree in International Relations from King’s College London.

James qualified as a barrister in 2001 and worked for 5 years on international criminal and civil litigation matters. In 2006, he co-founded FSI Worldwide, which is a UN award winning fair labour organisation, that has ethically recruited and managed several thousand migrant workers. FSI provides a viable, ethical labour supply chain solution to international organisations recruiting lower skilled migrant workers.

James lived in the Middle East from 2007 to 2014 and founded a human rights focused law firm in 2011. He cross-qualified as a Solicitor in 2014 and subsequently returned to London to undertake an MA and then a PhD at the War Studies Department of King’s College London.

In addition to his doctoral research, James is currently preparing to launch a demand side reform program to help governments and companies improve their procurement practices, and in particular to avoid modern slavery practices. He is also preparing a strategic litigation case to be launched in the US. He is a regular writer and speaker on international human rights issues, with a focus on labour exploitation.

James is a Brilliant Club tutor, an advisory board member for TISCreport, a trustee of Circus Kathmandu and a strategic advisor to FSI Worldwide.

Research Profile

1UK government outsourcing in the security sector and the link to modern slavery

James’ research analyses the procedures governing the outsourcing of UK government security contracts in high threat environments and the employment of third country national security guards. The research seeks to identify whether the oversight mechanisms employed by government agencies are sufficient to prevent bonded and forced labour practices from occurring on such projects. The UK government has a duty to ensure that its procurement processes do not cause or contribute to human rights abuses. If it is failing to prevent labour exploitation in its own supply chain, this suggests that UK taxpayer funds are being used to perpetrate modern slavery offences. In such circumstances, it would be important to identify and rectify the deficient procedures.


Strategic litigation

James is part of an international group of lawyers and investigators gathering evidence to present to the US Department of Justice for prosecution and/or subsequent civil claims. The purpose is to target companies who engage in persistent labour rights abuses on their projects overseas.

Demand side reform program

James is preparing to launch a new not for profit initiative aimed at stimulating demand for fair labour services, particularly in relation to the employment of lower skilled migrant and other vulnerable workers. The new foundation will publish research and seek to positively influence government and commercial stakeholders in their procurement decisions.


J Sinclair, ‘Defunding the Enemy’ [2016] Strife Magazine

J Sinclair ‘Contractorisation and bonded labour in military and diplomatic outsourcing: challenging the efficiency assumption, in C. Methven O’Brien and O. Martinez (eds.) Public procurement and human rights: Opportunities, risks and dilemmas for the state as buyer [2019]