Institution Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy
Discipline Criminal Law; Human Rights; Migration Law; Business and Human Rights
Affiliations Member of the Research Centre “Federico Stella” on Criminal Justice and Criminal Policy – CSGP
Other links LinkedIn; ResearchGate; Academia.edu
Contact  Paola.Cavanna@unicatt.it

Personal Bio

1.jpgPaola holds a Master in Law by Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (Italy), where she also obtained her Ph.D. defending a thesis on the prevention of labour exploitation, specifically targeting the agri-food sector. The roots of her interests in human rights law and the rights of vulnerable people are in her home country, where since 2012 she has worked as legal advisor in one of the paramount law firms in Milano, engaged in human rights protection against all forms of discrimination. There she learned that, in order for it to be helpful, scientific knowledge should always be fuelled by empirical evidence. Currently, she is working as Legal/Counter-Trafficking Field Specialist for the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Italy.

Research Profile

Paola’s research focuses on the prevention of labour exploitation, specifically targeting the agri-food sector. Italy is at the centre of the reflection to provide for tangible examples within a global perspective, at the intersection of labour market and migration policies. A better knowledge of the phenomenon and its complexities has been the starting point for examining the ability of the current (intertwined) legal framework to deal with employers who breach the rules, from low-level non-compliance to serious criminality (i.e. slavery and trafficking). Accordingly, a preventive strategy has been discussed bringing the theoretical framework of responsive regulation (Ayres-Braithwaite 1992) into the research on labour exploitation, in turn conceptualised as a form of corporate crime. Building further on existing ‘good’ laws and practices, specific policy recommendations have been provided utilizing all fields of law. Such a hybrid criminal policy should start by strengthening society’s rejection to any form of labour exploitation, strategically rising to more punitive remedies for the purpose of building compliance (i.e. mandated self-regulation, administrative sanctions with ‘corporate probation’ and criminal law as last resort). In doing so, a main contribution has come from comparative analysis.

Paola is also engaged in a research project on the potential of recent migration and refugees flows connected with the Balkan route.

Projects

Territorial and Urban Potentials Connected to Migration and Refugee Flows 2018

Publications

“The Italian legal framework against labour exploitation. A legal assessment, specifically targeting undocumented migrants” (ed. by), in Business and Human Rights Resource Centre, 25 July 2017;

“Where does our food come from? At the intersection of food security, human dignity and right to (decent) work”, in Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, No. 1/2016, pp. 85-98;

“Minori vittime di reato: tratta e forced labour”, in Studi Emigrazione, No. 199/2015, pp. 419-437.